All Laboratory's researches are based on the single method of system analysis of economic problems. The main point of this method consists is studying of economic object's basic subsystems: management, finance and financial planning, marketing, strategic planning, implantation of innovations, motivation, PR and others. All these subsystems are supposed to combine into contradictory integrity which real economic object have.
The attractive features of this method are:
Openness of this method makes it possible to mark and fix attention on phenomena which otherwise are being disregarded by traditional economic theory.
- It provides an opportunity to describe and effectively grasp reality "as is".
- It can be used to describe various sectors of economy, companies, cities or occupations (such as consulting or accounting).
- It doesn't thrust common decisions because each economic object (a city, a company etc.) has its own specific peculiar properties.
See, for example:
N. Golovnina. Economic models of national health protection systems.
D. Slesarev. The comparative analysis of Russian and foreign local public utilities companies.
In autumn 2002 the book "Cities and Reforms" was issued (composite authors, under the editorship of prof. P. Orekhovsky).
Systems analysis implies that a researcher has to do with certain integrities. Changes of macrosystems ought to be accompanied by changes in mesoeconomic systems - sectoral and territorial markets. Some steps in this direction were taken: forming of regional and municipal legislation, reforms of social sphere, attempts to reform natural monopolies. However meso- and microeconomic processes are learned worse than macroeconomic phenomena. While carrying out most of mesoeconomic reforms, Russian reformers don't know quite well the mechanism of the reformed object and the state of mesoeconomic system after the reform.
It is necessary to amplify large-scale macroeconomic reforms with meso- and microeconomic reforms. Attempts of reforming of single subsystems (for instance, realization of insurance principles in financing of Russian health protection) come into conflict with others (planning of costs by use of number of beds in hospitals) which remain stable. As a result essential for development changes do not occur.
The main task of the book is the analysis of mesoeconomic shear of reforms.
Considerable part of materials in this book were published in "Municipal economy" magazine in 2000-2002. But in this book they were overworked in connection with the method of system analysis of municipal economic problems.
Since 2002 regular interdiscipline seminars devoted to system analysis take place in the Laboratory.
Sociologists, political scientists, jurists take part in these seminars in addition to economists. Co-chairmen of the seminars are P. Orekhovsky and A. Borisov. We invite all interested persons to participation.